What are the classification of motorcycle shock absorbers?


As we all know, the shock absorber is an important device of the motorcycle. The function of the motorcycle shock absorber is to alleviate and attenuate the impact and vibration of the motorcycle during the driving process, and to ensure the smoothness and comfort of the driving, which is beneficial to improve the motorcycle. For the service life and handling stability, the motorcycle is equipped with a shock absorber device.

classification of shock absorber:

There are many types of shock absorbers. The vast majority of motorcycles use cylindrical shock absorbers, and only a few use leaf spring structures. There are many types and varieties of cylindrical shock absorbers. Generally, there are front shock absorbers according to the installation position. Shock absorber and rear shock absorber.

(1) According to the direction of attenuation force: one-way acting shock absorber, two-way acting shock absorber.

(2) According to the load adjustment type: there are spring initial pressure adjustment type, gas spring type, and installation angle adjustment type.

(3) According to the structure, it is divided into: telescopic tube front * hydraulic shock absorber (this is the most used front shock absorber in motorcycles at present), rocker type shock absorber, rocker lever vertical center shock absorber, Rocker lever inclined center shock absorber.

(4) According to the working position of the oil cylinder: there are inverted shock absorbers (that is, the position of the oil cylinder is above and the piston rod is below), and positive shock absorbers (the position of the oil cylinder is below and the piston rod is above).

(5) According to the working medium: there are spring-type shock absorbers, spring-air damping shock absorbers (due to the limited damping force of air, the damping effect is not ideal, generally only used for low-speed mopeds Rear shock absorber), hydraulic damping shock absorber, oil-air combined front shock absorber, nitrogen-filled hydraulic shock absorber.

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